Benny or the Bunny......
Yesterday, Eli went 5 for 6 in meeting the Peiser challenge, .
"Some commentators have argued that these differences undermine my main criticism while they validate Oreskes' claim. However, as I have stressed repeatedly, Oreskes entire argument is flawed as the whole ISI data set includes just 13 abstracts (less than 2%) that explicitly endorse what she has called the 'consensus view.'"We only need nine more to dunk the Benny (Jack)
To play, first read the post, then click on the picture above or here. Of course, if you are in Boulder, you might prefer to dunk the Bunny. Some skill required and you have your choice of Benny or the Bunny! (Allow time for loading, this is NOT instant gratification).
Let us pick up where we left off.
7.We already saw with #6 that the IPCC TAR says that there will be increased summer continental drying and risk of drought over most mid-latitude continental areas. This paper discusses a strategy for meeting that problem
AU HORNBECK, JW ADAMS, MB CORBETT, ES VERRY, ES LYNCH, JA
TI LONG-TERM IMPACTS OF FOREST TREATMENTS ON WATER YIELD - A SUMMARY FOR NORTHEASTERN USA
SO JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY
Substantial increases in water yield of up to 350 mm year-1 were obtained in the first year by clearing forest vegetation and controlling regrowth with herbicides. Commercial clearcutting with natural regrowth resulted in initial increases in water yield of 110-250 mm year-1. ...Unless regrowth was controlled with herbicides, yield increases declined quickly after cutting, seldom persisting for more than 10 years. However, yield increases were readily extended over 20 years or more with intermediate cuttings and/or repeated control of regrowth with herbicides.and closes with
Results are discussed in terms of implications for surface water supplies, global climate change, nutrient cycling, hydrological modeling, and long-term research
That's 6 of 7 abstracts endorsing the consensus view. Moving on
8.That seems to accept the 'consensus view' right out of the box.
AU VINSON, TS KOLCHUGINA, TP
TI POOLS AND FLUXES OF BIOGENIC CARBON IN THE FORMER SOVIET-UNION
SO WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION
AB The Former Soviet Union (FSU) was the largest country in the world. It occupied one-sixth of the land surface of the Earth. An understanding of the pools and fluxes of biogenic C in the FSU is essential to the development of international strategies aimed at mitigation of the negative impacts of global climate change.
AU SMITH, TM SHUGART, HH
TI THE POTENTIAL RESPONSE OF GLOBAL TERRESTRIAL CARBON STORAGE TO A CLIMATE-CHANGE
SO WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION
AB An analysis is undertaken to examine the potential impacts of a global climate change on patterns of potential terrestrial C storage and resulting fluxes between terrestrial and atmospheric pools....Climate change scenarios are based on the predictions of two general circulation model equilibrium simulations for a 2XCO2 atmosphere. ...Results suggest that although the equilibrium analyses show an increased potential for C storage under the climate change, in the transient case the terrestrial surface acts as a source of CO2 over the first 50 to 100 yrs following climate change.
10.9 of 10, Benny should be suiting up.
AU LEICHENKO, RM
TI CLIMATE-CHANGE AND WATER-RESOURCE AVAILABILITY - AN IMPACT ASSESSMENT FOR BOMBAY AND MADRAS, INDIA
SO WATER INTERNATIONAL
AB Global climate change associated with rising atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases may alter regional temperature and precipitation patterns. Such changes could threaten the availability of water resources for rapidly growing Third World cities, many of which are already experiencing severe water supply deficiencies. This paper investigates the potential impacts of climate change on water resource availability for two Indian cities, Bombay and Madras. The paper begins by discussing future trends for population growth and water demand in each city. Next, using climate change scenarios based on three general circulation models (GCMs), the paper assesses how climate change may affect water availability in the two urban regions.
AU COX, JE MIRO, CR
TI WHITE-HOUSE SPONSORS CONFERENCE ON GLOBAL CLIMATE-CHANGE
SO ASHRAE JOURNAL-AMERICAN SOCIETY OF HEATING REFRIGERATING AND AIR-CONDITIONING ENGINEERS
has no abstract, but the title speaks for itself. However, Eli is a Happy Bunny and will not count this one. For those with itchy trigger fingers, the score is out of 11 papers, 1 no result, 9 supporting the consensus and 1 with no abstract. That's a lot more that Benny's 2%
12.Hmm uses GFDL and GISS GCMs.....10, 1 and 1 with no papers opposing the consensus view.
AU STEFAN, HG SINOKROT, BA
TI PROJECTED GLOBAL CLIMATE-CHANGE IMPACT ON WATER TEMPERATURES IN 5 NORTH CENTRAL UNITED-STATES STREAMS
SO CLIMATIC CHANGE
AB The effect of projected global climate change due to a doubling of atmospheric CO2 on water temperatures in five streams in Minnesota was estimated using a deterministic heat transport model. ....Using climate projections from the GISS, GFDL and OSU GCMs as input; stream temperature simulations predict a warming of freely flowing river reaches by 2.4-degrees-C to 4.7-degrees-C when atmospheric CO2 doubles. In small shaded streams water temperatures are predicted to rise by an additional 6-degrees-C in summer if trees along stream banks should be lost due to climate change or other human activities (e.g. logging). These projected water temperature changes have significant consequences for survival and growth of fishes.
13.Count that one for the consensus guys and girls....11
AU RHODES, SL WILEY, KB
TI GREAT-LAKES TOXIC SEDIMENTS AND CLIMATE-CHANGE - IMPLICATIONS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION
SO GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE-HUMAN AND POLICY DIMENSIONS
AB Toxic sediments remediation represents a potentially long-term environmental programme in the Great Lakes Basin. The prospect of declining lake levels due to global climate change in coming decades presents challenges to environmental policy makers concerned with choosing appropriate toxics clean-up methods and timing.
14.Gee, they appear to accept that CO2 will be higher, and temperature higher too, count it Dano 12.
AU LAWLOR, DW MITCHELL, RAC FRANKLIN, J MITCHELL, VJ DRISCOLL, SP DELGADO, E
TI FACILITY FOR STUDYING THE EFFECTS OF ELEVATED CARBON-DIOXIDE CONCENTRATION AND INCREASED TEMPERATURE ON CROPS
SO PLANT CELL AND ENVIRONMENT
AB The requirements for the experimental study of the effects of global climate change conditions on plants are outlined. A semi-controlled plant growth facility is described which allows the study of elevated CO2 and temperature, and their interaction on the growth of plants under radiation and temperature conditions similar to the field. During an experiment on winter wheat (cv. Mercia), which ran from December 1990 through to August 1991, the facility maintained mean daytime CO2 concentrations of 363 and 692 cm3 m-3 for targets of 350 and 700 cm3 m-3 respectively. Temperatures were set to follow outside ambient or outside ambient +4-degrees-C,
15.13. Benny is teetering
AU POIANI, KA JOHNSON, WC
TI POTENTIAL EFFECTS OF CLIMATE-CHANGE ON A SEMI-PERMANENT PRAIRIE WETLAND
SO CLIMATIC CHANGE
AB We assessed the potential effects of a greenhouse gas-induced global climate change on the hydrology and vegetation of a semi-permanent prairie wetland using a spatially-defined, rule-based simulation model. An 11-yr simulation was run using current versus enhanced greenhouse gas climates. Projections of climatic change were from the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) general circulation model.
16.Well, we will be nice and put this into the neutral category 13 for, 2 neutral 1 no abstract, but....
AU LEITH, CE
TI NUMERICAL-MODELS OF WEATHER AND CLIMATE
SO PLASMA PHYSICS AND CONTROLLED FUSION
AB Numerical weather prediction has provided routine forecasts of global weather for more than thirty years. During that period numerical models have evolved from the use of low resolution balance equations to high resolution fluid dynamics equations with added terms to describe physical processes such as radiative heating and latent heat release. Both grid-point and spectral transform methods have been used. Forecasts require an initial state, and much effort has gone into data assimilation and initialization consistent with the nonlinear dynamics of the models. As is well known, the chaotic atmosphere is of limited predictability, and deterministic forecasts are only good for about a week. The climate is defined by the statistical properties of the weather, and these change far more slowly. There is much current interest in the response of climate to human influences. Global climate change studies are largely based on weather models of lower resolution that are run for much longer times and averaged. But the search continues for a true climate model that deals directly with slowly evolving statistics.
17.More concerned with acid rain problems in central Europe, count it as a half. We need something strong to dunk the Benny. 13.5 for, 2.5 neutral 1 no abstract, and (drum roll)
AU RUSEK, J
TI AIR-POLLUTION-MEDIATED CHANGES IN ALPINE ECOSYSTEMS AND ECOTONES
SO ECOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS
AB Soil biological parameters (e.g., Collembola), soil types, soil chemical parameters (pH, humus substances), and plant communities were studied in different ecosystems and ecotones in alpine, subalpine, and spruce forest zones in the Tatra National Park, Slovak Republic. The preliminary, selected data, based on a long-term research program, showed a high sensitivity of some alpine ecotones and ecosystems to long-distance transported acid deposits. ....The consequences of global climate change are predictable by monitoring changes in the extent of some ecosystems located in discrete mountain geomorphological units (e.g., karstic sinkholes, water runoff gullies, wind shadows, ridges exposed to wind, etc.) and ecotones among them because of their dependence on duration of snow cover, water supply, wind and frost exposure, and other abiotic and biotic factors.
18.Mr. Sulu, you may dunk the Benny or the Bunny.
AU HANGEBRAUCK, RP
TI TECHNOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR PLANNING THE GLOBAL CARBON FUTURE
SO ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT
AB The atmospheric level of carbon dioxide (CO2) is the dominant variable in the anthropogenic influence of future global climate change. Thus, it is critical to understand the long-term factors affecting its level, especially the longer-range technological considerations. Most recent analyses of the problem focus on the next 20 to 100 years. While great uncertainties exist in longer-term projections of CO2, it is of concern that the longer-range buildup (over many centuries) may be of substantial magnitude and might be so despite major efforts to reduce use of fossil reserves for energy, save world forests, and/or collect and dispose of CO2. This paper summarizes some of the recent literature relating to the longer-term CO2 problem and discusses some of the technological considerations for known prevention and mitigation approaches in the context of this longer-term problem.