Thursday, July 23, 2015

An honest (well for Eli) question

For some odd reason, maybe it was the slow season, Retraction Watch has caught up with the Journal of Economic Prospectives latest gremlin whacker (gremlins being the newest moles), aka correction of Richard Tol's 2009 article on the costs of climate change.  Eli, of course, being the quick and dirty bunny he is had already had a say, but there remain things both interesting, perplexing and concerning about the paper, and indeed all of the papers that Richard cites for his paper, best seen in the figure displayed in the gremlin whacker linked above

and the supplementary Table 10-1 can be found in the supplementary material appended to the WGII report.

 The problem is that neither the discussion in the original paper, the WGII or pretty much anywhere else,  does not reference baselines for each calculation or for the conglomeration of calculations.

This of course is irrelevant to the question of whether IAM calculations are worth a bucket of warm spit (this being a family blog, which a few exceptions when Dad Rabett goes nuclear).

The serious question is what is the baseline for each study and which sets the zero of the temperature scale?  Did Poor Richard align the baseline for all the calculations.  For which is the baseline pre-industrial (in which case the world is now past Tol’s outlying positive point at 1.0 C), 1860 or so when instrumental records start in which case the world is pretty close to it, or some more recent time, in which case, another couple of degrees would, at least according to Tol, have little effect.

Eli notes that Chris Field Hope's model, which underlies the Stern report, appears to be making a differential calculation, which, also raises some interesting Couéen questions by itself.  Or, on the other hand, is there some agreed zero that you need to have the secret handshake to know about.

Eli has an honest question here.  Maybe.


David Appell said...

Also, no error bars, which is ludicrous.

Barton Paul Levenson said...

The estimates are way too low. Total economic collapse (coming somewhere in 2022-2034) will cost us almost 100% of the economy.

Andrew said...


With a sufficiently high discount rate, the loss of the entire global economy a few decades hence is not worth spending today's money on avoiding now.

To me, this suggests flaws in the economic models.. but this is economics and the world should be changed to match the models, apparently.

Susan Anderson said...

"Final"? As in, do as I say, not as I do? NBL. Honest answers to these questions might put one's standing and salary in jeopardy, so acting high and mighty is the only possibility.

One thing about Trump, he makes everybody else look good. The ultimate guy with a headpiece incapable of acknowledging real error.


A Democrat less ornery than Cactus Jack would have declared that the Vice Presidency is not worth a bucket of warm gore.

SteveS said...

Don't you mean Chris Hope's model?

Anonymous said...

Paleoclimate uses BP, dated by convention to -
1 January 1950
The obvious 'baseline is to use the same date to measure changes FROM that date.


Kevin O'Neill said...

The caption to Figure 1 in the original The Economic Effects of Climate Change does offer this explanation:

"Note: Figure 1 shows 14 estimates of the global economic impact of climate change, expressed as the welfare-equivalent income gain or loss, as a function of the increase in global mean temperature relative to today. ...

While the data, title, and chart type have changed - the 'relative to today' part probably hasn't.

EliRabett said...

Yes, sorry Chris Hope.

Kevin, is Tol really claiming that a 1 C change relative to 2009 would have a huge positive effect based on his 1C point? If so, well, if so. That's why Eli is so suspicious of the whole thing

EliRabett said...

BTW Nordhaus' reference is 1900.


Kevin O'Neill said...

Eli, I have no idea what Tol is claiming - and frankly none of it makes much sense to me. If someone seriously believes a 5.5C rise in temperatures would result in a mere 6% reduction on globabl GDP they must also believe in Santa Clause.

More important, in these types of scenarios economics is devoid of morality - which fits Tol to a T considering his recent tweets. The man lacks integrity and I put him maybe a half-step above Moncton and Morano. All of them have some climbing to do to even reach the gutter.

Brandon Shollenberger said...

Kevin O'Neill gives an answer, but unfortunately, he's been misled. You see, an update to the figure has a caption which says:

estimates of the global economic impact of climate change, expressed as the welfare-equivalent income gain or loss, as a function of the increase in the annual global mean surface air temperature relative to preindustrial times.

But it turns out that caption is wrong too. As it turns out, Tol didn't actually use any real baseline. All the papers used different temperature baselines, and Tol didn't put them on a common one! And as for his claims in his papers which said they were on particular baselines... well, um... those were... uh... not true.

If you'd like some details, there was some discussion of this topic at my site over a few topics. I think it was mostly on this and <a href="</a> post. Put simply though, the work is complete and utter dreck.

It's not just the temperature baselines that are different. The rate of warming would affect how bad it is. That's different too. How much countries develop would affect how well they could adapt. That's different. How much populations would grow, and where, would affect how many people were in at-risk areas. That's different.

And the list just keeps on going.

Unknown said...

All of this raises the question of how did the AR5 came to rely so heavily on Tol's work in the first place?
Perhaps it's as he himself said of the process; that Tol's papers were such a prominent part of the Impacts WG because "it favors initial scientific papers published on an issue, rather than the follow-up papers[.]"

Of course he meant to imply that it went after the most sensationalist, alarmist papers that would later have to be walked back by subsequent work tempering the results. Well, that's another thing he's been quite wrong about (as anybody keeping track of the IPCC reports over time would have been able to tell him).

Kevin O'Neill said...

Sou provides the link to the latest from Hansen, Sato & Co. Is James Hansen *the* prince of deep magic and heavy wizardry on virtually anything climate related?

Jesus, by comparison Tol is just a script kiddie or cargo cult programmer playing around with spreadsheets.

David Archer's referee comment almost seems fawning at times. His complaint mainly seems to be that this should have been two or three papers instead of one.

Richard Erskine said...

Not sure if this is relevant but the Economist has published a report saying that Governments have no excuse not to act, providing an analysis of risk to assets ... and the cost of inaction

The Economist, remember has been very relaxed about global warming in the past. When they are raising alarm bells, it tells you something.

Unknown said...

I don't think I would use anything more flexible than a linear model for this dataset, and even then I would look at the predictive error bars and leverage etc. as it looks like there is at least one outlier.