Now comes the bunny to deal with a related everygreen, but let Ned Nikolov who is well rated as both confused and certain, state the issue
By focusing exclusively on radiation and assuming that it drives ALL climate processes, the "Greenhouse" theory runs into a big problem with the Energy Conservation Law in trying to explain the fact that Earth's atmosphere emits down 42% MORE energy than absorbed from the Sun! pic.twitter.com/QVaUVdkUuX— Ned Nikolov, Ph.D. (@NikolovScience) October 8, 2018
Somehow, Ned missed the latent heat and convection in his diagram, but let us be generous. Eli can simplify that diagram
showing the flows into and out of the Surface and the Atmosphere. Solar irradiation is shown in yellow, IR emission to space in green and the flow between the surface and the atmosphere are shown in brown and red.
Since William Nordhaus has won the Economics Nobel today, let's think of an economic model. Eli has a Savings and a Checking account, and each month he deposits $160 into the Savings account and $80 into the Checking. He also takes out some percentage (40%) of what is in the checking account to pay Ms. Rabett's yarn bill, and puts another 45% of the Checking balance into the Savings account. To settle things up at the end of the month the Rabett transfers 6% of the Savings account into the Checking account. The flows of $ are
If we plot the outflow to expenses, and the interchange between the Savings and Checking accounts as a function of time, what happens?
The flows between the Savings and Checking account reach equilibrium in about 12 years as does the monthly outflow. The numbers are pretty close to those in the energy balance diagram, but not exact because Eli has simplified stuff. The percentages were adjusted so the equilibrium outflow is $240 but that was just for giggles. Also interesting is that the Savings and Checking accounts both reach equilibrium.
Just like the Green Plate Effect, this is not a mystery, simply the result of counting. The inflow cannot be compared to the flow between the two accounts (reservoir) which is what the Ned's of the world try to do.
Conservation of dollars only requires that the flow into the two accounts (reservoirs) be the same as the flow out when a steady state is established. Until then the flow out is lower, but in the case of the earth that happened millions of years ago.